Mine Victim Support Goals
Information and Public Relations Goals
Training and Human Resource Development Goals
Resource Mobilization Management
Structure and Composition of ANAMA/ANIMA
Annex: UXO/Mine Contamination Map
AZERBAIJAN NATIONAL STRATEGIC CORPORATE PLAN FOR MINE ACTION
To make Azerbaijan safe for the people to be able to live free from the threat of mines and explosive devices.
This Strategic Corporate Plan is developed to ensure that the program completes its mission in the shortest possible period thereby reducing the loss of life and injury to the Azerbaijan community.The program is to be conducted by the State Commission for Reconstruction and Rehabilitation through the Azerbaijan National Agency for Mine Action (ANAMA) as the implementing agency.ANAMA is to use international and national implementing partners in the form of agencies Non-governmental Organisations (NGO), institutions and companies to achieve the objectives.ANAMA is to have linkages with the stakeholders through the Joint Working Group, the International Advisory Group (IAG) and the State Commission for Reconstruction and Rehabilitation. UNDP is to provide the initial assistance in resource mobilisation and through UNOPS provide technical assistance to ANAMA.ANAMA is to conduct activities in the following key components to fulfill the mission requirements:
The focus of the mine action program is on clearance of land for the owners and users of the land. The land is categorised into land types such as residential, agriculture, roads and airfields, industrial, grazing, irrigation or barren.These categories denote the land usage before or after contamination. The category is then prioritised for tasking by ANAMA Operations Manager to the various implementing partners. The ANAMA is to utilise the following priority system for determining priority of work:
The conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan took place between 1988 and 1994 and resulted in 20% of Azerbaijan landmass being occupied and 15% of the population of Azerbaijan becoming internally displaced.In the front line regions of Fizuli and Agdham were affected the most.According to the State Committee of Statistics (Goskomstat) information released on the 1 October 1997, 311,419 people have been forced to leave their homes in Fizuli and Agdham regions.A moving front line resulted in mass destruction of housing, infrastructure and productive resources.
ARRA has been responsible for repatriating IDP to the liberated and war affected areas of Fizuli, Aghdam and Ter Ter.It determined that the successful repatriation of IDP is dependent on successful rehabilitation of the liberated areas and on providing a sufficient quality of life for returning IDP.One of the major concerns is the level of security provided for returning IDP and this includes the threat posed by mines and other UXO left behind as a result of the conflict.Several surveys and social assessments conducted in the liberated regions during the period 1996-1998 revealed that the security situation is the greatest concern facing IDP in respect of repatriation. In response to Government of Azerbaijans (GOA) concern, the UNDP agreed to conduct a limited Level 1 Survey of Fizuli and Agdham regions, which was subsequently reduced to coverage of Fizuli alone.This survey commenced in April 1998 and was completed in September 1998.During this period ANAMA was created by a Presidential decree on 18 July 1998. On 2 April 1999 UNDP and the State Commission for Reconstruction and Rehabilitation on behalf of the GOA, signed a joint Project document to cover the first two years of the development of mine action capacity in Azerbaijan.UNOPS was sub contracted as a Cooperating Agency to provide technical assistance to ANAMA in the form of personnel and contracted services.
Extent of the Problem
As at 1999 an adequate nation wide survey of the problem has not occurred due to the lack of a lasting peace agreement and that a part of the country still remains occupied by Armenian forces. The survey conducted by BACTEC (a British Demining and UXO agency) in 1998 only provides a general picture of a small part of the potential problem. The Armenian occupied areas also restrict any attempt to survey the potentially contaminated areas. Until the occupied areas are available for survey and military activity is reduced, then a detailed level one survey can only be conducted of the liberated areas. A Nation Wide Survey can only be conducted when the precondition of the return of the occupied areas to the Azerbaijan nation prevails. It is recommended that a region wide survey be conducted to ascertain the extent of the problem in the liberated areas. The information provided by the BACTEC survey does indicate limited mined areas with a predominantly UXO problem. The current general information indicates that of the 65 Azerbaijan regions, 24 are believed to be contaminated by Armenian minefields and battlefield UXO.The Azeri regions of Fizuli, Jebrail, Zangilan, Gubadly, Lachin, Kelbajar, and Agdam are controlled by Armenia and are expected to have mine and UXO contamination created by both sides.It is suspected that 14 regions contain defensive minefields laid by the Azerbaijan Defence Forces. The Azeri defence forces should recover all Azeri minefields. All Armenian minefields and unrecorded minefields should be cleared by ANAMA. All battle areas should be cleared by ANAMA.
The mines and ammunition used are predominantly Soviet Block munitions. A small number of mines of Italian manufacture have been reported as being laid in the region. The threat therefore includes metal and plastic anti tank mines, bounding and static fragmentation mines, anti lift mines, blast minimum metal mines and trip wires. There are no reports of booby trapping in the region. In addition UXO including small arms ammunition (up to 40 mm caliber), projectiles, rockets, missiles and aerial delivered munitions litter the regions. A map of the estimated areas of contamination is shown on the Annex A.
The aim of this plan is to give direction and focus to ANAMA for the long and medium term planning in developing a national mine action capacity.
One of the main objectives of this program is to put in place an Institutionalized Structure that will serve the mine action needs of Azerbaijan and assist in any future program expansion. The initial stages of setting up governmental linkages and a Mine Action Centre are underway in the formation of ANAMA.The required formation of a Joint Working Group (JWG) must be achieved to develop a closer linkage with ARRA and other interested agencies and GOA ministries.It is anticipated that the following ministries and agencies will be represented on the JWG; Ministry of Defence, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Social Welfare, ARRA, UNDP, ANAMA and technical staff from the World Bank, ECHO/EU, TACIS and other donor sources.The role of the JWG will be to act as a Technical Steering Committee for ANAMA shaping its direction, technical policies and priority of work.The formation of the IAG needs to be re-instituted, with the role of providing ANAMA advice on policy and funding.The IAG should be a steering committee from donor agencies and donor countries, with representation by the GOA and ANAMA.An in-country trust fund under the IAG has yet to be initiated and this must be one of the future objectives for the program.The institutional structure for the program is depicted below.
Mine Victim Support Goals (will be expanded as the program develops):
Information and Public Relations Goals:
Training and Human Resource Development Goals:
As the extent and nature of the contamination nation wide is not known at this point, it is difficult to determine a total picture for donor input requirements. Consideration should be given to specific sponsorship by in country international companies and investors. A national and international campaign of public relations and awareness is required to support the GOA in the task of raising the required funds.The re-institutionalisation of the IAG and an in-country trust fund will assist this process.
The program will adopt a phased approach to the development of capacity and implementation.The capacity development will be achieved through Phase I being the Project Development through UNDP.During this phase all types of capacities should be developed and initiated in the project.This will be developed and implemented through work plans covering the period.Phase II will be the consolidation phase where all components are consolidated and fine-tuned. The conduct of Phase II will be the responsibility of the GOA and ANAMA.Phase III will be the rapid expansion of capacity in response to the need to clear the occupied areas.Phase IV will be the final implementation of the program to complete the mission. This strategy implies that the liberated areas will be cleared during Phases I and II and simultaneously the nexus of the national capability and expertise will be developed in readiness for the expected expansion necessary to clear the contamination from the occupied areas.
Resource Mobilization Management
The requirement for funding will be developed through a finance plan, which will be a component of each annual work plan. The annual work plans will be developed from the National Strategic Corporate Plan. The annual financial needs will be identified through the Strategic Corporate Plan and the Annual Work Plans. Initial resource mobilization is the responsibility of GOA through UNDP for Phase I. The management of these funds is invested with UNDP. At the end of the UNDP project (Phase 1), resource mobilization will become the responsibility of the GOA and ANAMA. Prior to this occurring an IAG will have to be formed and an in-country trust fund set up. The management of future funding will be through the board of donors and the GOA.
Structure and Composition of ANAMA/ANIMA
The title of the ANAMA will change to the Azerbaijan National Institute for Mine Action (ANIMA) after the completion of Phase I, the UNDP project. The requirements for Phase III and IV are far more demanding in terms of management, coordination and monitoring. Therefore, the structure and components of ANAMA will be different in Phase I to that of the structure and components to ANIMA in Phase III and IV. The role of ANAMA is to monitor, coordinate and manage assets and mine action contracts that are used in the Azerbaijan Republic. The role for ANIMA will be the same. Below is the structure and components for ANAMA in Phase I
During Phase III there will be a need to expand ANIMA to cope with the additional assets and contracts. The structure and components for Phase III and IV are as depicted below:
See Annex: UXO/Mine Contamination Map