For a detailed description of each programme area please see
the attached status paper, plans of implementation for each area,
In the past month DRC has held a number of meetings with the
Norwegian Refugee Council. A general project
orientation reveals that this organisation is planning a major
impact in Azerbaijan. The interventions encompass:
Psycho/social activities with BUTA in the southern camps as a
continuation of the activities start6ed in 95 96.
Public building rehabilitation in Baku and Aphseron in 12
15 buildings with the support of two additional, Norwegian
Micro credit programmes and community mobilization in the
above mentioned buildings. The micro credit programmes will be
implemented according to the Grameen bank model.
Human rights education from grade 1-9 in all schools of
Azerbaijan following a handbook developed by The
Scandinavian Team". The objectives will be to get human
rights into the curricula through a training of trainers effort.
DRC and NRC will start regular programme meetings, meeting
every month to constructively see where our activities can
support each other. Likewise we will visit some local NGOs
Equilibre, a French organisation has visited DRC after
recommendation from their filed staff. The meeting was very
succesful nd promising. It seems that the two organisations and
their staff are likeminded both in visions and approaches and are
willing to share factual experiences and doubts. It has been
agreed to hold regular meetings about the topic: how to make
community centres sustainable, impact of ToT activities,
comparision between our two approaches. Both field staff and
office staff are to participate in these meetings.
World Vision a meeting has been held to cooperate our
efforts in Sumgait. At their physical rehabilitation programmes
some DRC trainees will be involved just as DRC workshop
activities from the skills development programme will be
The Federation came with a group of key IDP persons
from camp no. 7 as a warm up exercise for our UNHCR funded
activities in the camp. Study tours are seen as have mobilising
potential both for those who see for themselves and visit, but
also for those who have to explain and share experiences. At a
later stage it will be determined whether a re-visit will be
fruitful or a possible exchange of "masters".
INSAN has been identified as a sleeping partner, who is
interested in funding and a little networking. It is clear that
they do not have the interst nor the voluntary resources to enter
the DRC community service programme, and by and large does not
have a great interest in sharing experiences with DRC staff and
use the house and communication facilities. They have been
offered support for the upcoming Geneva Conference. DRC is
awaiting their response.
Hayat has also been identified as a sleeping partner,
who is interested in funding and sharing of information.
UMID Childrens Magazine has held several meetings
with DRC. Their co-ordinator is enrolled in the DRC training
activities, and the organisation uses the DRC house and
facilities for their work.
UMID HSSC Has regularly weekly meetings with both
project manager and social co-ordinator. Last month s work
concentrated on the preparation of two project proposal: one for
the DRC revolving fund, and the other for a UNHCR funded capacity
building project. The organisation is in the process of gathering
information and is receiving active support in writing the
proposals and setting up the budgets. The process is seen as a
learning process from both parties involved and thus include
various sessions on organisational development.
In May a sub regional conference has held in Baku on
Women s Rights are Human Rights. Please for your
information find attached to this monthly report the programme
and comments and observations written by the project manager.
At DRC the conference gave rise to a fruitful discussion at a
staff meeting, where two local staff members gave report from the
conference. Due to the ensuing discussion the staff has wished to
follow up on the topic for the annual staff summer seminar.
On Sunday 24 May DRC participated in a Charity Concert given
by American Voices at the German Church in Baku. The concert was
well attended mainly by locals, some DRC staff members also
attended. The concert brought $ 460 total.
The staff has two new staff members partly a new expatriate
for the UNHCR project, and partly a new interpreter for the same
project. Both persons are well integrated in the programme and
staff already after a short and on-the-job-training introduction
of one week.
The bi-annual staff and personal interviews have started along
with a revision of job descriptions.
- Ulla Fomsgaard
- Project manager
- Baku 28.5.1998
UNHCR PROJECT (98/CS/AZE/LS/470(ID) (top)
1. Project Overview
The entire programme has now started up in all three locations
with courses running in all fields at the two technical schools,
and the initial selection of teachers and masters have been
carried out in camp 7.
Good opening relations have been established with the local
authorities be it the representatives from The Ministry of
Education at the schools or the Executive Committees and their
representative in the camps.
Good co-operating working relationship is well established
with The International Federation around the implementation in
Initial co-operation with Equilibre has been established in
order to share and compare our experiences and thereby learn from
each others work. Regular meetings including field staff
will be held.
From the outset of the community service courses it has been
decided to run double courses in this field due to the interest
shown from both the participants and the implementers and
authorities. This means that not 24 but 48 persons will go
through these courses.
The community service field in the technical schools is a new
field for the Azeri system. The curriculum has not been tried
out, and the schools are inexperienced as to the implementation
of these courses. The more interesting it has been to co-operate
with first the ministry/ methodological cabinet and later the
actual schools trying to find a compromise suitable for all
parties i.e. the donor, the schools, and the needs of the
participants. The process is on-going and is coming up with some
positive results where both the outcome and the actual process
are looked upon as project objectives.
A concrete outcome of this process is describes under the
paragraph "implementation procedures"
2. DESCRIPTION OF THE BENEFICIARIES
Selection of masters and teachers in camp 7 is carried out and
preparation for their Training of Trainers courses has started.
All courses in the technical schools have maximum12 students
in each field due to partly the methodological aspect of the
project, partly to the emphasis on "quality of work"
which is being emphasised. Many of the participants do know some
of the skills which are being taught; however, very few of them
are familiar with good quality craftsmanship and high quality
There is a good interest in all fields and especially the
Sabirabad Technical School seems able to provide a creative and
innovative attitude for solving the immediate problems facing the
The transport problem facing the participants from camp 2 and
3 has been solved. A lorry has been hired to go twice a day, and
a contract has been signed with the driver.
3. IMPLEMENTATION PROCEDURES
As a warm up exercise and mobilising activity selected key
persons from camp 7 have visited the DRC programme in Sumgait.
The focus on learning practical skills in the UNHCR project is
mirrored in the programme for the Sumgait visit. The group
visited a community centre in order for them to see for
themselves what a community centre is and can be used for.
Furthermore they visited a number of income generating activities
such as candle production, preservation of fruit and vegetables,
soap production, macaroni production, iron net production, and
hairdressing. At the evaluation and de-briefing it became clear
that "seeing is better than hearing" as it was stated.
As for generating ideas and inspiration the community centre idea
caught on, as did the soap and candle production (which can be
incorporated into the community service curriculum) and the
macaroni and iron net production caught on as an idea for a
future income generating project.
At the two technical school the logistical structures
concerning material for the courses are set up, and will be
handed over to the schools in the middle of June. The
methodological follow up will be described under paragraph 5
4. RELATED INPUTS
In the past month the Danida project has covered the
additional transport expenses of app. $ 250.
5. DESCRIPTION OF ASSISTANCE
1.31 Education: Vocational skills training
The courses in reconstruction run smoothly in both schools.
The classes are well attended and there is a good interaction
between master/teacher and the participants.
There is also a clear interest from the teachers/masters who
are all using at least one new teaching method as well as showing
an openness and curiosity towards the whole concept of the
It is interesting to note how differently the project concept
is being welcomed in the two schools. In Sabirabad the attitude
is very open towards generating new ideas and applying the
project components in many innovative ways e.g. that the
bricklayer course can learn their new skills by making the much
needed toilets, and the carpenter course can provide the doors.
Likewise the teachers and masters come up with additional ideas
e.g. how to clean up the whole compound, make kitchen gardens or
solve the water problem the school is facing. In this open
approach they are in their own way seeing to it that several
stakeholders are included in the process: the IDPs, the staff at
the school, the school itself, and the local community.
In Saatli they are more sticking to the restrictions of the
curricula and insist on classroom theoretical teaching and a more
traditional perception of project implementation. However, small
signs of independent and creative thinking are coming up e.g. it
has been suggested to construct cradles of good quality in the
It will be interesting to follow the process in the two
schools and see how far they choose to utilise the possibilities
within the project framework.
1.98 EDUCATION: Other Educational Activities
As mentioned in last months report an initial training
of trainers course has been held. Please find below a detailed
description of this course.
Duration of the seminar
The course took place over two week-ends including one Friday.
This gave the participants time to reflect on the lessons learnt,
and the organisers time to adjust the programme according to
The aims of the seminar
- enhancement of participants understanding of new
approaches to teaching and organisation of lessons
- improvement of participants understanding of and
coping with change
- presentation of and working with new teaching styles
- improvement of participants abilities to define and
- improvement of participants understanding of
self-development in conditions of the rapidly changing
All of the activities were arranged pedagogically so as to
underline the content of the lessons using all the teaching
styles introduced at the course and some additional ones like:
mime, suggestopedia, secure learning environment, the humorous
and unexpected as one way of remembering and learning, along with
Tai Chi exercises.
Apart from the skills oriented aims of the course it also had
a more long term and less tangible side to it where the
organisers aimed at improving the participants abilities to
imagine and vision, to solve problems, to be emphatic, and to
think and create independently and individually.
22 teachers and masters and two directors and deputy directors
from two schools went through the training. They all attended
actively and were seen to be more dynamic and ready for the
project now than when we met them during the assessment tour.
The evaluation was carried out as a group evaluation and was
generally positive underlining the appreciation and interest they
felt for the seminar.
They requested further seminars focusing on areas like:
testing procedures, lesson planning, and meeting western
professionals in their specific area.
During the seminar it became clear that it had also had some
very positive side effects a.o.t. the participants demonstrated a
comprehensive understanding of the whole project and came forward
with questions which made it possible to do away with
understandings at an early stage.
For future implementation it was also fruitful that the
leadership of both schools participated and was positive towards
the new ideas and methods introduced.
Last but not least the seminar also gave DRC a chance to learn
more about the people we are going to work with, possible
obstacles, and from the start establish a procedure of joint
problem solving and good co-operation.
After the seminar
After the seminar it was necessary to spend a few days on
lesson planning and re-thinking the pedagogic set-up and
digesting the new ideas.
At present the courses are running and an individual inquiry
with the teachers and masters indicate an impact of the seminar
i.e. skills and ideas from the seminars are being tried out. For
instance almost all teachers and masters used group work, one had
used various presentation skills for the students to get to know
each other, one used "round table discussion" as he
expressed it meaning re-arranging the class room. Others had
experienced that "it makes a difference when I treat the
students individually" and most of the teachers and masters
expressed an openness towards dialogue and questions from the
It is assumed that a more systematic follow up procedure will
reveal a more complex picture of the impact of the seminar.
At present the teachers and masters receive 3 4 visits
a week from the DRC team members. It has been agreed that a
regular follow up routine of two monthly meetings will be
implemented. This routine has been initiated. These meetings will
deal solely with ToT activities and focus on partly the
experiences of the teachers and masters, partly on a professional
input from the project co-ordinator according to what is needed.
Apart from these two monthly meetings, regular weekly meetings
will still be conducted.
1.99 EDUCATION: Sector Support/Management
The UNHCR team has received its new project co-ordinator Lone
Clausen. She arrived on 11 May and is well settled in Sabirabad
along with the rest of the team.
The co-operation is going really well between the local expert
and the expatriate so the two can build on each others
strengths, carry out the necessary transfer of knowledge and
tackle the challenges together.
- Ulla Fomsgaard
- Project manager
- Danish Refugee Council