Extent of the Problem
Mine Victim Support Goals
Information and Public Relations Goals
Training and Human Resource Development Goals
Resource Mobilization Management
Structure and Composition of ANAMA/ANIMA
Annex: UXO/Mine Contamination Map
AZERBAIJAN NATIONAL STRATEGIC CORPORATE PLAN FOR MINE ACTION
To make Azerbaijan safe for the people to be able to live free from the threat of mines
and explosive devices.
This Strategic Corporate Plan is developed to ensure that the program completes its
mission in the shortest possible period thereby reducing the loss of life and injury to
the Azerbaijan community.The program is to be conducted by the State Commission for
Reconstruction and Rehabilitation through the Azerbaijan National Agency for Mine Action
(ANAMA) as the implementing agency.ANAMA is to use international and national implementing
partners in the form of agencies Non-governmental Organisations (NGO), institutions and
companies to achieve the objectives.ANAMA is to have linkages with the stakeholders
through the Joint Working Group, the International Advisory Group (IAG) and the State
Commission for Reconstruction and Rehabilitation. UNDP is to provide the initial
assistance in resource mobilisation and through UNOPS provide technical assistance to
ANAMA.ANAMA is to conduct activities in the following key components to fulfill the
- Mine and EOD Clearance
- Mine Awareness
- Mine Victim Support
- Information and Public Relations
- Training and Human Resource Development
The focus of the mine action program is on clearance of land for the owners and users
of the land. The land is categorised into land types such as residential, agriculture,
roads and airfields, industrial, grazing, irrigation or barren.These categories denote the
land usage before or after contamination. The category is then prioritised for tasking by
ANAMA Operations Manager to the various implementing partners. The ANAMA is to utilise the
following priority system for determining priority of work:
- Alleviation of human suffering by clearing areas with life-threatening dangers and high
civilian casualty rates.
- Resettlement of Internally Displaced People (IDPs) through clearance of houses,
settlement areas and associated areas such as the fields and irrigation systems required
to support communities.
- Reconstruction and rehabilitation programs as set forth and required by the Azerbaijan
Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Agency (ARRA) under the State Commission for
Reconstruction and Rehabilitation through clearance activities, as required to facilitate
approved and funded projects.
- Food security through the mine and UXO clearance of agricultural and grazing land, with
land type being selected based on socio-economic returns.
- Other areas requiring mine action support.
The conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan took place between 1988 and 1994 and
resulted in 20% of Azerbaijan landmass being occupied and 15% of the population of
Azerbaijan becoming internally displaced.In the front line regions of Fizuli and Agdham
were affected the most.According to the State Committee of Statistics (Goskomstat)
information released on the 1 October 1997, 311,419 people have been forced to leave their
homes in Fizuli and Agdham regions.A moving front line resulted in mass destruction of
housing, infrastructure and productive resources.
ARRA has been responsible for repatriating IDP to the liberated and war affected areas
of Fizuli, Aghdam and Ter Ter.It determined that the successful repatriation of IDP is
dependent on successful rehabilitation of the liberated areas and on providing a
sufficient quality of life for returning IDP.One of the major concerns is the level of
security provided for returning IDP and this includes the threat posed by mines and other
UXO left behind as a result of the conflict.Several surveys and social assessments
conducted in the liberated regions during the period 1996-1998 revealed that the security
situation is the greatest concern facing IDP in respect of repatriation. In response to
Government of Azerbaijans (GOA) concern, the UNDP agreed to conduct a limited Level
1 Survey of Fizuli and Agdham regions, which was subsequently reduced to coverage of
Fizuli alone.This survey commenced in April 1998 and was completed in September
1998.During this period ANAMA was created by a Presidential decree on 18 July 1998.
On 2 April 1999 UNDP and the State Commission for Reconstruction and Rehabilitation on
behalf of the GOA, signed a joint Project document to cover the first two years of the
development of mine action capacity in Azerbaijan.UNOPS was sub contracted as a
Cooperating Agency to provide technical assistance to ANAMA in the form of personnel and
Extent of the Problem
As at 1999 an adequate nation wide survey of the problem has not occurred due to the
lack of a lasting peace agreement and that a part of the country still remains occupied by
Armenian forces. The survey conducted by BACTEC (a British Demining and UXO agency) in
1998 only provides a general picture of a small part of the potential problem. The
Armenian occupied areas also restrict any attempt to survey the potentially contaminated
areas. Until the occupied areas are available for survey and military activity is reduced,
then a detailed level one survey can only be conducted of the liberated areas. A Nation
Wide Survey can only be conducted when the precondition of the return of the occupied
areas to the Azerbaijan nation prevails. It is recommended that a region wide survey be
conducted to ascertain the extent of the problem in the liberated areas. The information
provided by the BACTEC survey does indicate limited mined areas with a predominantly UXO
problem. The current general information indicates that of the 65 Azerbaijan regions, 24
are believed to be contaminated by Armenian minefields and battlefield UXO.The Azeri
regions of Fizuli, Jebrail, Zangilan, Gubadly, Lachin, Kelbajar, and Agdam are controlled
by Armenia and are expected to have mine and UXO contamination created by both sides.It is
suspected that 14 regions contain defensive minefields laid by the Azerbaijan Defence
Forces. The Azeri defence forces should recover all Azeri minefields. All Armenian
minefields and unrecorded minefields should be cleared by ANAMA. All battle areas should
be cleared by ANAMA.
The mines and ammunition used are predominantly Soviet Block munitions. A small number
of mines of Italian manufacture have been reported as being laid in the region. The threat
therefore includes metal and plastic anti tank mines, bounding and static fragmentation
mines, anti lift mines, blast minimum metal mines and trip wires. There are no reports of
booby trapping in the region. In addition UXO including small arms ammunition (up to 40 mm
caliber), projectiles, rockets, missiles and aerial delivered munitions litter the
regions. A map of the estimated areas of contamination is shown on the Annex A.
The aim of this plan is to give direction and focus to ANAMA for the long and medium
term planning in developing a national mine action capacity.
One of the main objectives of this program is to put in place an Institutionalized
Structure that will serve the mine action needs of Azerbaijan and assist in any future
program expansion. The initial stages of setting up governmental linkages and a Mine
Action Centre are underway in the formation of ANAMA.The required formation of a Joint
Working Group (JWG) must be achieved to develop a closer linkage with ARRA and other
interested agencies and GOA ministries.It is anticipated that the following ministries and
agencies will be represented on the JWG; Ministry of Defence, Ministry of Health, Ministry
of Social Welfare, ARRA, UNDP, ANAMA and technical staff from the World Bank, ECHO/EU,
TACIS and other donor sources.The role of the JWG will be to act as a Technical Steering
Committee for ANAMA shaping its direction, technical policies and priority of
work.The formation of the IAG needs to be re-instituted, with the role of providing ANAMA
advice on policy and funding.The IAG should be a steering committee from donor agencies
and donor countries, with representation by the GOA and ANAMA.An in-country trust fund
under the IAG has yet to be initiated and this must be one of the future objectives for
the program.The institutional structure for the program is depicted below.
- The development of a mechanism to ensure closer cooperation between all the stakeholders
in mine action.
- The fostering of the reformation of the IAG.
- Develop and implement an annual financial plan.
- The initiation and formation of a JWG on Mine Action.
- Develop and implement a series of annual work plans from this JWG.
- The development of a sustainable and flexible structure with a capacity to manage mine
action activities as required by the Government of Azerbaijan.
- Develop and implement a National Mine Action Work Plan.
- Fulfill the current manning and equipment structure.
- Make available adequate training, HQ base camp and NNGO facilities.
- Assess the structure and further develop its capacity.
- Conduct human resource development of management staff through formal and competency
- Develop a long-term logistics management plan for program assets.
- The further development of the quality assurance (QA) process to identify better
management and supervision processes in operations, support and personnel.
- Develop and implement an external QA process for Operations, Support Systems, Training,
Information Systems and Mine Victims Support.
- Develop and implement a policy for exchange of staff to other international mine action
- Attend all international activities, meetings and conventions related to mine action.
- The development and application of sustainable, efficient and cost effective mine action
technologies and techniques, and the application of these technologies and techniques in a
manner which ensures a high level of safety, thereby reducing the possibility of demining
incidents causing death or injury.
- Develop and operate a research and development capacity.
- Develop and implement an IMSMA based information gathering and sharing mechanism with
other international programs.
- Develop the Total Quality Management system to ensure feed back from all levels
including implementing partners, on improvements in safety, efficiency and effectiveness.
- The sponsorship of an in-country trust fund - and resource mobilization for this trust
fund - to ensure adequate funds for mine action operations in Azerbaijan.
- Encourage the re-institutionalisation of the IAG.
- Encourage the development and implementation of an in-country trust fund.
- Seek out and develop a liaison to donor countries, companies and agencies.
- Increase the funds available to the project.
- The development of a national and sustainable manual mine clearance capacity capable of
dealing with current challenges and able to expand to deal with future challenges that
will result from the return of occupied regions to Azerbaijan.
- Develop and operate national manual clearance teams, national monitoring and training
team, national supervisory, internal and external quality assurance staff.
- Develop and implement safe, efficient and effective clearance drills and
- Develop and operate integrated manual clearance drills and procedures to incorporate
manual equipment and dogs.
- The development and maintenance of a sustainable system for the controlled and
systematic clearance of mine contaminated land.
- Develop and operate a priority system for tasking clearance teams.
- Develop a survey process that incorporates the priority system.
- Develop an operational management system that will enforce and follow the priority
- The development of a national and sustainable Explosive Detection Dog support capacity
capable of supporting manual mine and Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) clearance capacity
and ability to support any future expansion.
- Develop and operate a national dog and handler capacity capable of supporting
- clearance, survey and QA operations for mine and EOD clearance.
- Develop and operate a national dog and handler training capacity.
- Develop and operate a national supervisory, internal and external QA staff.
- The development of a national and sustainable mechanical support capacity of suitable
systems, capable of supporting manual mine and EOD clearance capacity and ability to
support any future expansion.
- Develop and operate a national mechanical support team capable of supporting clearance,
survey and QA operations for mine and EOD clearance and a training capacity.
- Develop and implement supervisory, internal and external QA staff.
- The development of a national and sustainable EOD clearance capacity capable of dealing
with current tasks and able to support any future expansion.
- Develop and operate a Battle Area Clearance (BAC), an EOD, an EOD training, an EOD
supervisory, external and internal QA capacities.
- The development, implementation and maintenance of a sustainable system for the
controlled and systematic identification and verification of the location and extent of
- Develop implement and maintain a national set of tasking priorities for clearance,
survey, mine awareness and mine victim support.
- Implement and maintain the system of the three levels of survey.
- Develop and implement a fourth level of survey to provide QA on the system through
feedback from the stakeholders.
- Plan and Implement a nation wide level one survey when the political and military
- The development and operation of a national capacity to conduct level one survey
capacity, based on the Information Management System for Mine Action (IMSMA).
- Develop and operate a national level one survey, national training and national QA
- The development and operation of a comprehensive national level two survey capacity able
to deal with all current field challenges and able to support future expansion, based on
- Develop and operate national level two survey teams.
- Develop and implement operational procedures incorporating mechanical and dog support to
- Develop and implement a permanent fence marking capacity to deal with the contamination
of a lesser priority to reduce casualties in human life and stock.
- Develop and operate a national training, supervisory and QA capacity for Level Two
- The development and operation of a national capacity to conduct level three survey,
based on the IMSMA. Mine Awareness Goals (will be expanded as the program develops).
- Develop a policy and doctrine for the certification and hand over of cleared land.
- Train teams and implement the level 3 survey process.
- The continuation and further development of the ICRC Mine Awareness Program to ensure
that there is adequate coverage for affected and potentially affected people.
- Continue with the ICRC Program.
- Analyse the database of mine victims for trends and problems.
- Develop and implement new approaches to deal with the problem ensuring that all
approaches are used including institutional, community, direct and mass media.
- Foster and encourage the involvement of UNICEF and the Ministry of Education in mine
- To develop an integrated approach with the mine awareness system in which IDP movement
and feedback is obtained from the system to provide information to and from the
Information and Operations Sections.
- Develop a system for inputs to the mine awareness program form the IDP movement plan.
- Develop a feed back system from mine awareness to operations.
- Implement the systems.
- QA the systems.
Mine Victim Support Goals (will be expanded as the
- To develop a database on mine victims and to analyze the needs of the victims from this
- Incorporate current known information with future surveys to develop information for the
- Analyse the data seeking trends and areas of need.
- With the assistance of WHO to develop and implement a long-term mine victims plan for
Azerbaijan while both ensuring that it conforms to the Azerbaijan Ministry of
Healths national plan and structure and that it is based on a needs assessment to
cover all aspects of mine victims support.
Information and Public Relations Goals:
- To develop and manage a data collection, analysis and distribution framework and system.
- Develop and manage an IMSMA database for mine victims and minefields.
- Develop and implement a data collection and a data QA system.
- Set up tracking and analysis systems to detect trends and areas of concern.
- Develop and manage a GIS to integrate with the IMSMA system.
- Provide Tasking folders for operations.
- Provide information on mine victims and minefields to concerned agencies and government
offices as requested.
- Provide monthly and annual progress reports to donors including UNDP.
- To develop and promote the profile of the project and the ANAMA through local and
- Develop a policy and doctrine for Public Relations (PR).
- Seek out and develop liaison with media representatives and agencies.
- Issue agency press releases at appropriate intervals.
Training and Human Resource Development Goals:
- To develop an integrated monitoring and training component for field operations.
- Develop a training policy, standards and doctrine for formal and competency based
- Train and develop trainers and coaches.
- Implement a continuous training program aimed at improving capacity in all operational
- To develop the human resources in operations management and support functions.
- Develop a policy, standards and doctrine for formal and competency based training.
- Seek out and utilise training mechanisms and courses suitable for the development of
support and management skills.
- Develop and train a competency-based trainer.
- Implement a continuous development program aimed at improving support and management
- Implement an exchange of information and personnel with other international mine action
As the extent and nature of the contamination nation wide is not known at this point,
it is difficult to determine a total picture for donor input requirements. Consideration
should be given to specific sponsorship by in country international companies and
investors. A national and international campaign of public relations and awareness is
required to support the GOA in the task of raising the required funds.The
re-institutionalisation of the IAG and an in-country trust fund will assist this process.
The program will adopt a phased approach to the development of capacity and
implementation.The capacity development will be achieved through Phase I being the Project
Development through UNDP.During this phase all types of capacities should be developed and
initiated in the project.This will be developed and implemented through work plans
covering the period.Phase II will be the consolidation phase where all components are
consolidated and fine-tuned. The conduct of Phase II will be the responsibility of the GOA
and ANAMA.Phase III will be the rapid expansion of capacity in response to the need to
clear the occupied areas.Phase IV will be the final implementation of the program to
complete the mission. This strategy implies that the liberated areas will be cleared
during Phases I and II and simultaneously the nexus of the national capability and
expertise will be developed in readiness for the expected expansion necessary to clear the
contamination from the occupied areas.
Resource Mobilization Management
The requirement for funding will be developed through a finance plan, which will be a
component of each annual work plan. The annual work plans will be developed from the
National Strategic Corporate Plan. The annual financial needs will be identified through
the Strategic Corporate Plan and the Annual Work Plans. Initial resource mobilization is
the responsibility of GOA through UNDP for Phase I. The management of these funds is
invested with UNDP. At the end of the UNDP project (Phase 1), resource mobilization will
become the responsibility of the GOA and ANAMA. Prior to this occurring an IAG will have
to be formed and an in-country trust fund set up. The management of future funding will be
through the board of donors and the GOA.
Structure and Composition of ANAMA/ANIMA
The title of the ANAMA will change to the Azerbaijan National Institute for Mine Action
(ANIMA) after the completion of Phase I, the UNDP project. The requirements for Phase III
and IV are far more demanding in terms of management, coordination and monitoring.
Therefore, the structure and components of ANAMA will be different in Phase I to that of
the structure and components to ANIMA in Phase III and IV. The role of ANAMA is to
monitor, coordinate and manage assets and mine action contracts that are used in the
Azerbaijan Republic. The role for ANIMA will be the same. Below is the structure and
components for ANAMA in Phase I
During Phase III there will be a need to expand ANIMA to cope with the additional
assets and contracts. The structure and components for Phase III and IV are as depicted
See Annex: UXO/Mine Contamination Map