Sexually transmitted diseases are on the increase. Many of them are difficult or even
impossible to cure. Many can be passed from one partner to another alarmingly easily. Some
results in disconcertingly painful symptoms. Some more deceptively cause no symptoms at
all, existing in a "carrier state" but being just as infectious to the partner.
Nobody wants to catch a sexually transmitted disease. The stigma is appalling. In this
leaflet we warn you about the dangers of the commoner infections and how to recognize
them; we urge you to practice safer sex with your partners: and we strongly advise anyone
who thinks they may be at risk from an STD to seek medical help promptly. The consequences
are so awful that any delay is unjustifiable.
Symptoms include pain on passing urine and or a discharge from the penis or vagina.
Some men, however, and most women have no outward symptoms at all and so become carriers
of the infection without being aware of it. If symptoms do appear, they tend to start
between 2 and 10 days after exposure. If infection is diagnosed promptly and receives
medical treatment, it is normally complete cured.
Symptoms start as a painless sore or ulcer on the penis or vagina. Later a rash appears
on the whole body and a "flu like" illness with fever develops. Initial symptoms
appear 1 to 2 weeks after exposure. These days, treatment of syphilis is usual successful
with a prolonged course of antibiotics.
If not treated in its early stages, the symptoms go away
only to recur years later. In this later stage, the infection attacks and destroys others
parts of the body including the brain heart and joints.
Pregnant women with syphilis can pass the infection on to the fetus and this can
tragically result in the child being born with congenital deformities.
Symptoms usually appear 5 days after exposure but tend to recur throughout life. Small
painful clear blisters appear in the genital area and are sometimes accompanied by intense
irritation. The virus can also cause genital warts. In women, genital herpes is associated
with cervical cancer and all infected women should have regular smear tests. They must
also inform their doctor as soon as they are aware that they are pregnant. Unfortunately
there is no cure for herpes. You have it for life but you are not always infectious.
Provided that the appropriate treatment is taken within 48 hours of the symptoms starting,
it can be greatly helped and controlled.
Candidas are yeast found naturally on your skin. However, under certain conditions,
such as increased humidity or temperature, or in the presence of antibiotics (which kill
the bacteria which usually control the fungus) or following pregnancy, the fungus can
proliferate and cause symptoms.
Women may suffer similar genital symptoms or sometimes nothing at all. It is very
possible for a man with no symptoms to keep unknowingly reinfecting a female partner. It
is important, therefore, for both partners to receive treatment at the same time to
minimize any risk of reinfection.
Other organisms, of which chlamidia is the commonest, are capable of causing genital infections in
both men and women. Symptoms appear a few days to 6 week after exposure and include
abnormal discharge, pain on passing urine and genital inflammation. It is particularly
important for women to be treated promptly for chlamidia, as it can lead to infertility.
Any symptoms, which are present, should be treated seriously, therefore, and you must see
your doctor as soon as possible to have the problem thoroughly checked.
- Avoid casual sex, especially with unknown people.
- Always practice "safe sex" i.e. wear or make sure you partner is
wearing a condom - when there is a risk of catching an STD.
- Read the advice leaflets available at clinics, hospitals and your doctors surgery.
- Never be embarrassed to ask for medical help and do not delay in seeking it from either
your GP or the local Genito Urinary or S.T.D. Clinic.
- Do not seek for a medical help form the people without medical background. There are big
dangerous and risk for you health
IRD-Azerbaijan is a non - government, non-profit Humanitarian organization with Head
Quarter in Washington, DC. IRD-Azerbaijan is implementing an Emergency Medical
Distribution Project in the target hospitals of Ganja, Khanlar, Ter-Ter, Goranboy,
Naftalan. IRD-Azerbaijan is distributing medicines and medical items donated by the State
Department of US.
Please contact us on the following address and numbers in Baku and Ganja, if you have
Shamsi Badalbeyli Str.# 96, Apt. 28
Take better care of your health